In Europe there is a single market which covers all European Union Countries and EFTA Countries. The requirements for accessing this market (CE Marking) are in form of Directives. Several directives can apply at the same time to a given product depending on its nature.
All devices that intentionally transmit or receive radio waves (with a few exceptions, including radio equipment for naval vessels, public-safety and government equipment, and some aeronautical devices) must comply with the requirements set in the 2014/53/EU Radio Equipment Directive.
The technical requirements of the European Directives appear in the form of Essential requirements, included in Article 3 of Directive 2014/53/EU. Radio equipment shall be constructed so as to ensure:
Article 3.1(a): the protection of the health and safety of people and of domestic animals and the protection of property, including the objectives regarding safety requirements set out in Directive 2014/35/EU, but with no applicable voltage limit;
Article 3.1(b): an adequate level of electromagnetic compatibility as set out in Directive 2014/30/EU.
Article 3.2: that it effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference.
Article 3.3: other requirements for certain categories or classes of Radio Equipment.
There are three ways in which manufacturers and importers can ensure that a product or product range complies with the key requirements of the Directive or the essential requirements. Two of these require the intervention of a Notified Body.
Many countries worldwide that do not have their own Radio Type Approval regulations refer to European regulations (2014/53/EU), and require an EU-type examination certificate. Therefore when addressing a worldwide homologation project, the Modules B + C approach is recommended.
The European Certification validity is permanent unless there is a change in the regulations that affects to the specific directive that have been evaluated.
Once a product has been proved to comply with the essential requirements of the applicable Directives by means of one of the three paths defined above, the product shall be labelled with the CE mark:
For Modules B+C, the Radio Equipment Technical File is evaluated by Applus+ as a Notified Body. Applus will issue an EU Type Examination Certificate for the evaluated product.
For Module H, the product family is registered in the Applus+ QA records and marked by the manufacturer with the Applus+ Notified Body number.